The Missing Bottom Line

By Giuseppe Tommaso Cirella and Longbin Tao.

Published by The Design Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

An examination of the historical references of sustainability and its progresses via an ancient historical perspective is reflected upon via a triple bottom line (TBL) approach. Since the historical chronologies of economic and social developments are much clearer in definition – the environmental side of the TBL approach is argued as the missing bottom line. Nature, in the context of anthropological records, is considered by examining ancient outlooks and their impacts on how changes in human actions liberalised specific outcomes from subsequent civilisations and from nature itself. This essay considers viewpoints from the Middle Ages to the end of the 19th Century; it also takes into consideration notions up to the environmental movement and argues needed action toward a harmonious development of environmentally-friendly societies.

Keywords: Anthropology, Triple Bottom Line, History of Sustainability

Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.197-212. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 2.349MB).

Dr. Giuseppe Tommaso Cirella

PhD Candidate, Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia

Sustainability, environmental management and social science issues.

Dr. Longbin Tao

Senior Lecturer, Griffith School of Engineering, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia


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