Perceptive Adjectives and Eco-Efficiency Indicators: A Methodology to Choose Good Materials for a Sustainable Project

By Beatrice Lerma and Claudia De Giorgi.

Published by The Design Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The PhD research carried out is concerning the culture of design material, which nowadays is increasingly characterized by a particular attention to environmental aspects and to a sensitive approach for several human needs (functional, relational and perceptive ones).
The research has been started from the need to provide students and designers with a material library and a virtual database, called MATto (MATerial at Politecnico di Torino), about innovative materials useful for the industrial product and project.
The innovative aspect of this new library and database MATto is that the materials included are described using perceptive adjectives and ecoefficiency indicators at same time.
For these reasons during the course of Industrial Design several materials has been analyzed using different tools such as Eye-Tracking and Sensotact® by Renault.
Analyzed materials are deeply involved in the development of project concepts: a project could be tested by making, e.g., two prototypes that can be realized in different materials characterized by the same ecoefficiency aspects. Following, using different tools such as Eye-Tracking it’s possible to read these prototypes in order to know which one is best perceived, in order to understand on equal eco-efficiency terms which one coincides with the user’s imagery.
The paper will deal with the explaining of the methodology to approach the evaluation of materials and the innovative metaproject MATto library and database.

Keywords: Culture of Design Material, Sensorial Analysis of Materials, Materials’ Perception, Environmental Aspects, Materials’ Eco-Efficiency

Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp.187-198. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.267MB).

Beatrice Lerma

PhD Candidate, DIPRADI - Department for Architectural and Industrial Design, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Ph.D. Research Fellow, DIPRADI - Architectural and Industrial Design Department, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy. Ph.D. in Industrial Production System Engineering and Industrial Design at the Politecnico di Torino. She is in charge of the management of the Innovative Materials Library of the Degree Course in Industrial Design at the Politecnico of Torino (scientific responsible: Claudia De Giorgi) and she is collaborating on research projects about innovative materials for industrial design and ecoefficiency indicators for materials selection. She is assistant lecturer at the Course of Materials and components for Industrial Design, run by Prof. Claudia De Giorgi, of the Degree Course in Industrial Design at the Politecnico di Torino. She is teacher of Technology of Materials at the SPD Scuola Politecnica di Design in Milan.

Claudia De Giorgi

Researcher in Industrial Design, DIPRADI- Department for Architectural and Industrial Design, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The main field of research regards design with a “human centered” approach, as to say, focusing on real human needs: functional, relational and perceptive ones. The aim is to innovate products by deepening contents and knowledge about project materials. This knowledge is focused on materials and innovative processes (or new use of materials and traditional processes) and their possible uses, beyond the excitement over the latest trend. The approach can be applied in research-actions operations and can be applied for monitoring process and guidance for the local design system in Piedmont. She is the curator, with Claudio Germak, of the exhibition Piemonte Torino Design, which promotes worldwide Piedmont’s design excellences, also through seminars organized in collaboration with local Universities.


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