Architectural Design Principles of Public Spaces Based on Social Sustainability Approach: A Case Study in Ardabil, Iran

By Iman Raeisi, Alireza Kharazmi Nezhad and Maryam Hafezifar.

Published by The Design Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Considering the environmental, economic and social goals of sustainable architecture, most of the researches that have been done in the “sustainable architecture” topics are developed generally in the environmental and economic goals and even in some cases have resulted in design principles that reflect these goals in design. But concerning social objectives, there are less established design principles which have utilized these goals in designing. Therefore extensive studies are required to reflect the goals as rules in design.
With this background, the paper’s question is raised: “How can we determine the principles of architectural design in public spaces in terms of social goals of sustainable architecture?” Regarding the question, this hypothesis arises that: “A method of the architectural - urban design has direct impact on non-physical stability of space”. In order to prove this hypothesis, considering that the social sustainability has different definitions in the different cultures - thanks to diversity of behaviors, beliefs and cultures- in this article the spatial and environmental quality criteria are reviewed to find overall optimum spatial qualities which can be effective on social sustainability of public spaces, then these cases are studied in Ardabil (Iran) to suggest design principles based on social sustainability in the city. The research method is field research (interviews and questionnaires), archival research combination.

Keywords: Social Sustainability, Public Space, Human Behavior, Architectural Design, Ardabil

Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp.99-114. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 661.021KB).

Dr. Iman Raeisi

Assistant Professor, Member of the Board, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Qazvin, Qazvin, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Iman Raeisi (Assistant Professor) is responsible person for directing the B.A and M.A theses for architecture students while in addition to teaching architecture he works in the field of architecture, research and critic. He has written 31 papers regarding introduction and critic of Iranian and international current architecture, published in specialty architecture and urbanization publications. He has also offered a paper titled “The image of current architecture of Tehran” in poster format in the 22nd congress for Union of International Architects (UIA) in 2005, Istanbul. He is among the founding members of Iranian Architects Society and secretary for the Student Association. Raeisi has translated a summary of SMLXL in Persian language and published it with an analysis of new Rem Koolhaas’s Statistics by Khak Publication in 2006.

Alireza Kharazmi Nezhad

M.Arch Student, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Qazvin, Qazvin, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Maryam Hafezifar

M.A. Student in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)


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