Physically disabled children, as a portion of citizenry society, are usually less involved in public facilities and outdoor games. Exciting them through the improvement of social activities and assisting with playmates, will bring them chances of being satisfied as well as the sense of expectancy and “hope to better future”. The paper presents a new design for playground facilities by focusing on the activities of disabled and paraplegic children in public playgrounds and the application of Universal Design in this case. The research method of this design is based on a questionnaire for target group of 6-11 aged children. Then the swing and see-saw, as the preferred playground facilities by children, were studied in detail, considering the official statistics of injuries and accidents and environmental conditions. four of the principles of “Universal Design”, (first: Equitable Use, second: Flexibility in Use, third: Simple and Intuitive Use and fourth: Low Physical Effort), were also implemented in designs to achieve the optimum design for universal usage of disabled as well as healthy children. The optimization and improvement of functionality, aesthetics, materials and also the systematic relevancy in the appearance of swing and see-saw were marked as the check points in design of these new playground facilities.
|Keywords:||Outdoor Games, Universal Design, Playground Facilities, Disabled (Paraplegic) Children, Swing, See-Saw|
M.A. Student, Department of Industrial Design, University College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
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