Principles of Design on Ancient Pottery Motifs from Persia, 5000 B.C

By Mahsa Behnood, A. Rahman Haji Mohamed, Izmer Ahmad and Sam Muhizam.

Published by The Design Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The present study is dealt with this idea, pottery motifs of ancient Persia belongs to 5000 B.C. created based on some principle and made line up with a proportional model. In design of motifs both rectilinear and curvilinear types were employed. The main principles of emphasis, contrast, repetition and balance govern the relationships of the elements in studied motif designs. Emphasis is created by exaggeration as proportion principle, placement of elements in interest area, near symmetry balance and contrast using of negative space and positive space and magnification. Felling of static, calm pattern, stability and formality represented by horizontal and vertical lines. Sense of movement and action feeling is created by diagonal direction in one of the motif. Rhythm is represented in designs by repetition of rectangle negative spaces, repetition of circles and lines and repetition with variation in size. It seems that ancient creator used a simple modular system of 1:1.61 (golden proportion) in sketch design.

Keywords: Motif Design, Principle, Element, Ancient Persia

Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.165-172. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.811MB).

Mahsa Behnood

PhD Student, Department of Graphic Design, School of Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Penang, Malaysia

Mahsa Behnood holds a B.A. in Graphic from the Faculty of Art at the Shariati University, Tehran, Iran, in 2003. Her primary areas of research include application of ancient design especially the animal figures in modern utilization. Mahsa continued her studies in the field of Graphic by focusing on ancient Persia. She received a M.A. degree in Graphic design from Azzahra University, Tehran, in 2007. 1n 2009, Mahsa has started her PhD degree on geometric analysis of abstract animal and human motives in proto-Elamite era, Persia, at Universiti Sains Malaysia, USM, under the supervision of associated professor Shanti Balraj Baboo and co-supervision of Dr. Izmer Ahmad. Previous positions include work as a guest lecturer in the Department of Art and Architecture at Gorgan Azad University, Aliabad Azad University and as an instructor at Art Junior College of Maedeh, Gorgan, Iran. She also was responsible for some exhibitions take placed at the Fakhrodin Asad Gorgani Gallery, Golestan province, Iran. In 2008, Mahsa received the special award for her sign design from education organisation of Golestan Province, Iran. In 2010 she gained a PhD Postgraduate Fellowship from institute of postgraduate studies (IPS) at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).

A. Rahman Haji Mohamed

Dean* of school of the arts (USM) / Lecturer [Design Dept., Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

MFA in Graphic Design, Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, USA. Msc in Communication Design, Pratt Institute, New York, USA. BA in Fine Arts (Hons.) USM

Izmer Ahmad

Senior Lecturer, Fine Arts Department, School of Art, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Penang, Malaysia

Sam Muhizam

Senior Lecturer, Graphic section, Design Department, School of the Arts, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

PhD in Art History Birmingham Institute of Art & Design Master in Tech Ed ( Art & Architecture), UTM BA (Hons) Visual Communication Kent Institute of Art and Design, Medway University

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