Design Guidelines for Energy Efficiency Concepts in Office Buildings in Norway

By Matthias Haase, Karin Buvik, Tor Helge Dokka and Inger Andresen.

Published by The Design Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Fundamental to the development of concept design tools is the notion that environmental design principles are most effective when considered during the earliest most conceptual stages of the building design process. This paper presents a guideline of a design strategy in several steps of importance that should be followed by designers in order to get a building design with minimized energy consumption. Emphasis was put on a comprehensive collection of all relevant aspects in building design that affect energy use in buildings and its reduction. A set of strategies for designing robust energy-efficient envelope solutions for different kinds of buildings in different types of climates were developed. The design guidelines include specifications of technically feasible improvement potentials for sustainable energy-efficient building envelopes.
In order to reduce energy consumption a three step strategy is recommended, i.e. initially apply energy efficiency measures to first reduce heating and secondly reduce cooling demand, and then reduce electricity demand, and lastly meet possible remaining demand with an effective energy supply system.

The work is based on work from a two years research project using computer simulations of energy and indoor environmental performance. Finally, a number of examples help to illustrate the concepts and its integrated building elements. The guidelines tried first to give an overview of the different energy related issues in the early design stage. Estimates of the effectiveness of different measures can help in the early design stage to get advice on the applicability of different energy efficiency strategies. This can form the basis for further detailed development of certain design aspects.

Keywords: Energy-efficient Design, Office Buildings, Design Strategy

Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp.667-694. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 15.074MB).

Matthias Haase

Associate Professor, Department of Architectural Design, History, and Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Steering committee member of Solar Energy Society Norway; Two years experience as research scientist at SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, Buildings department, Trondheim, Norway; Post-doc at NTNU, Department of Architectural Design, History and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Editor of the Journal of Green Building, College Publishing, USA; PhD from Hong Kong University, Department of Architecture; More than 60 journal and conference publications Reviewer for four journals and several conferences; M.Eng in Technology and Resource Management in the Tropics and Subtropics from University of Applied Sciences Cologne, Germany; Seven years work experience as project manager façade engineering, solar shanding, and BIPV; B.Sc in Energy studies from Coventry University, U.K. Dipl.-Ing. in Mechanical Engineering with focus on Renewable Energy from Aachen, Germany.

Karin Buvik

Senior researcher, Buildings, SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, Trondheim, Norway

Karin Buvik has experience in teaching, research, and development within building design. Her major subjects are: functional and esthetical qualities in buildings, and energy- and environmentally friendly building design. She is author of guidelines in these topics on commission for the Ministry of Education and Research, and as part of various national and EU projects.

Tor Helge Dokka

Senior researcher, Buildings, SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, Kongsberg, Norway

Tor Helge Dokka has more than 10 years of experience in research and development within building technology and energy efficiency. His scientific interest are in the area of energy conservation and passive house technology. He was educated at the Norwegian University of Science and Technonolgy (Ph.D)and has been a researcher at SINTEF Building and Infrastructure since 2001. He isn active in several international research projects on solar energy and energy conservation both within the IEA’s Solar Heating and Cooling Programme and within the EU. He is a work package leader in the national center for zero emission buildings and participant in several national working groups on energy efficiency.

Inger Andresen

Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Architectural Design and History, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway

Inger Andresen has more than 15 years of experience in research and development within building technology and utilization of renewable energy. Her main scientific interest is in the area of energy conservation and the use of solar energy. She was educated at the University of Colorado (M.Sc in Building Energy Systems) and the Norwegian University of Science and Technonolgy (Ph.D. in Building Technology). Since 1991 she has been a researcher at SINTEF Building and Infrastructure, Trondheim, and from 2008 a part time professor in energy and environment at NTNU. She has been active in several international research projects on solar energy and energy conservation both within the IEA’s Solar Heating and Cooling Programme and within the EU.

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