The Impact of Acid Rain on Historical Buildings in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

By Mohamed Zaini Omar and Main Rindam.

Published by The Design Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Kuala Lumpur, the capital city of Malaysia with a current population of 2.7 million, is a centre of various major urbanization activities. It has been a centre of administration, business, industry, communication and also transportation. Heritage or historical buildings are abundantly found in the city centre and among them are the Sultan Abdul Samad building (building associated with the country’s independent declaration in 1957), the beautiful Moorish style Railway Station, Jamek Mosque, the Merdeka stadium, the Art and Cultural Market plus rows of old buildings with high aesthetical and cultural values. Acid rain that is associated with the process of urbanization and industrialization in Kuala Lumpur has brought about a negative impact on these heritage bulidings. This paper highlights the damaging effect of acid rain on the above mentioned heritage buildings notably those with iron, zinc, bronze and limestone as well various others. This research suggests the need to take precautionary measures to prevent future excessive damages and this paper thus attempts to provide some useful guidelines in order to sustain the valuable heritage buildings so that they are preserved for current and future generations.

Keywords: Acid Rain, Heritage or Historical Building, Precautionary Measure, Guideline

Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp.175-192. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 3.804MB).

Dr. Mohamed Zaini Omar

Associate Professor, Centre for Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia

Dr. Mohamed Zaini Omar is an Associate Professor at the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia. His research interest is in the area of poverty studies, urbanization and urban planning, agricultural studies, tourism and regional planning. He is currently involved in several research project namely the impact of acid rain on heritage building, agricultural extension services and urban microfinance. He has presented several papers at the international and local conferences on several topics related to his research interest. He has been the Chairman of the Geography programme at School of Distance Education and also a visiting fellow at the Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver Canada in 2001.

Dr. Main Rindam

Associate Professor, Geography, School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Georgetown, Penang, Malaysia

My name is Main and I am an Associate Professor in Geography at the School Of Distance Education Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang Malaysia. I started my career as a lecture at the School of Distance Education, USM in 1990. I obtained my first degree majoring in Geography in 1986 and Master in Geography in 1990 from the Universiti Malaya and Phd from Universiti Sains Malaysia. My expertise is in the area of Geography, hydrology, hydrometeorology, environment and tourism study. During my 20 years tenures at the USM, I had conducted several research namely the landslide- problem and issue in Malaysia, haze and air pollution in Malaysia, tourism and place marketing sponsored by FELDA, Water recourses problems in Pangkor, Tioman and Langkawi Island and acid rain and its impact on urban environment. Recently I am running a research on degradation of water resources in river system and ground water in Penang.


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