Today, patterns and tools of architectural design are still based on the idea of architecture as a pure, ex-nihilo creation. However, architecture is first of all art of transformation and formalization of existing materials in a new order and through contemporary values. In fact, the analysis of the most significant historical architectures survived through the past tells us that buildings are more durable if their structures and their meanings are not exempt from the change. In Italy, where the most important occasions of working are constituted mainly by projects on existing buildings, there are many theoretical and practical experiences that have led designers to a redefinition of categories and paradigms of contemporary design. New tools and skills characterize Italian design culture, which still gives attention to the historical understanding in architecture but also to different theories of reuse and reinterpretation taken from art and philosophy. Despite the importance of this theme, the international architectural culture is still fragmentary and insufficient. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to reorder, through three emblematic projects taken from the Italian experience of the last thirty years, a set of methods and critical instruments useful to the design of existing buildings.
|Keywords:||Architecture, Design, Architectural Transformation, History of Architecture, Ruin, Italian Architecture, Conservation, Giorgio Grassi, Massimo Carmassi, Francesco Venezia, Ernesto Nathan Rogers. Cesare Brandi, Lacuna|
PhD Candidate, Department “Architettura e progetto Diap”, Faculty of Architecture Valle Giulia, University of Study “Sapienza” Rome, Rome, Italy