Essential tools in any design process, providing guidelines, goals and technical guidelines for the successful development of products, design methodologies must take an important character in the valuation, the optimization, and the expansion of the approach and principles of bionic design. A number of methods have specifically been proposed which are intended for designers to guide the development of biologically inspired designs. This paper is intended to develop the results of a comparative analysis of existing methods of systematization of the bionic approach, proposed by different authors, which was previously presented. The parameters for analysis and comparison of methods were identified and defined as key goals to be achieved in design projects. Another parameter of analysis and differentiation is the orientation that the methods of analysis follow, and the possibility of orientation from the starting problem towards finding a biological solution, and the direction initiated by seeking inspiration from a biological solution and then locating a problem that can be solved with the proposed bio-inspired solution. The comparative analysis identified the strengths and weaknesses of each method, such as recognizing the goals missed, or the aspects bound to be answered by the methods only sparingly, in order to establish guidelines for the preparation of a new methodological approach. The presentation of a new methodology to support the process of bionic design, following the two directions of analysis, constitutes the core aspect of this paper, as this is the ultimate and main purpose of this contribution. The paper hence brings forward a new methodology for bionic design in two directions with illustration of application in two design cases (new quad-bicycle and CD storage tower).
|Keywords:||Bionic Design, Methodology of Design, Design Thinking, Design Planning, Validation, Innovation|
Technological Industrial Design Studies, Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal
Assistant Professor (tenured), Technological Industrial Design Program, Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Universidade da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal