This paper seeks to create a point of connection between education for sustainability and best practices of eco-design, devising a methodology that can be used in the production of new playful and educational objects. A literature review was conducted to survey the state of the art within the themes of education for sustainability, ecological design of toys, and methodologies of sustainable design. The paper also presents results from a methodological level, as a product of the review of existing methodologies, their analysis and their combination, and improvement. Thus, methods to guide the process of designing toys are proposed. This paper presents a proposed methodology for the design of toys aimed at education of environmental sustainability and promoting ecological awareness in kids. Due to the absence of methodologies reported in the literature for the design of toys, the authors chose to develop a new methodology for this purpose based on general methodologies for systematic design, and including the phases of psycho-social and emotional development of children. The results that lie in the sphere of object design were attained by carrying out the design of two playful objects, following the methodologies proposed, which resulted in a draft for an environmentally friendly toy design for 1–2 years and a draft toy design for 3–5 years, meant to promote education of sustainability and environmental awareness. An empirical survey is proposed for the future, resorting to data collection through questionnaires, which may give rise to the creation of empirical models relating the properties of the objects created with the subjective impressions of parents and friends of the users. One may determine in future studies whether the methodology proposed and implemented, giving rise to the design of the toys that were produced, is effective vis-a-vis the objectives that guided the creation of such methodologies.
|Keywords:||Sustainable Development, Environmental Sustainability, Eco-design, Education, Toy Design, Design Methodology|
Industrial Design Engineering Program, Universidade Da Beira Interior, Covilha, Portugal
Assistant Professor, Tenured, Technological Industrial Design Program, Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Universidade Da Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal