|Published online: April 4, 2014||$US5.00|
Emergency services personnel work in extremely stressful and often dangerous conditions in the pursuit of saving lives—none more so than individuals tasked with mountain rescue in winter conditions. One of the primary incidents these professionals encounter is the rescue of individuals trapped in avalanches. On average, avalanches kill over 146 people each year in Europe and North America, and of the incidents that result in mortality, 60% perish from asphyxia, which is a direct result of the time it takes to both locate and rescue a buried individual. In short, speed to rescue is the primary factor in survival rates for a rescue team. To help aid in the rescue of these buried individuals, various mobile device systems have been utilized with the primary one being that of avalanche transceivers. This paper serves to disseminate research on the practice of mobile device usage in avalanche rescue as well as propose new user interface designs that serve to address the contextual limitations of snow based searches and thus, aim at reducing time for recovery.
|Keywords:||Avalanche Transceiver, Mobile Devices, Interface Design|
Assistant Professor of Product Design, School of Architecture and Allied Arts, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA