"To Design" or "To Draw": Two Different Verbs, Two Different Abilities, One Result

By Valeria Carnevale.

Published by The International Journal of Designed Objects

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published Online: July 16, 2015 $US5.00

The essay aims to put forward an etymological and neurological difference between "designing" and "drawing." Taking into account the theory of the left and right side of the brain, it explains how "to design" and "to draw" belong to different abilities. This difference is crucial to the understanding of space and form; geometry. The essay considers the use of hand drawing and physical model making as crucial to comprehend the essence of design. Technical drawing however is a mathematical procedure thus can be done without the understanding of how to design. It will follow to explain the importance of the design process as a hand drawn/modeled tool in the first years of a design related degree. It will also challenge quick and easy CAD programmes like Sketch-up. Finally, the essay will try to compare the ideas of other scholars in the fields of design, art, and architecture with our own experience. Whereas keeping to the premises of a pedagogical approach of learning by doing-–in which cognitive and personal learning is expected and enhanced (Lyon, 2011)–- theoretical and critical understanding will balance the relation of both: the creative and the rational; "to design" and "to draw."

Keywords: Cognitive Process, Sketching, Design Process

The International Journal of Designed Objects, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp.17-25. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published Online: July 16, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 569.449KB)).

Valeria Carnevale

Lecturer in Architecture, School of Engineering and Technology, Subdivision Built Environment, University of Derby, Derby, Derbyshire, UK

Graduated from the school of architecture in Mexico City and practiced as an independent architect for more than 10 years in the same country. In 2004 moved to England where I completed an MA in archaeology. As an academic my career started in Mexico as a seasonal tutor but it was until I came to England that my interest in teaching became my profession. The focus of my unit or modules focus is on the process of design; the connecting dots between the idea and the project. As personal interests and further research I have dedicated the last years of my career to the study of Roman archaeology with a passion for Roman Glass.