The practice of hybridization has gone through several cycles of habits and habit changes. Based on the concepts of Peirce (doubt, crisis, belief, and automatism), we will analyze the successive phases during the production of hybridization of photography. We think that the production of hybridization of photography has gone through three phases. The first is the practice of hybridization since the invention of photography until the pictorial period. It is characterized by the desire to reconstruct reality, overcome the aberrations of photographic and integrate photography in the art. To resolve these problems, photographers have made semiotic interactions with the photographic process, producing solutions that are realized in different hybridization applied on the photographic medium. The adoption of these solutions has encouraged the adoption of new habits of hybridization applied on the photographic medium. But before the photographer applies a solution to become a habit, it must emerge from a phase of crisis and doubt and even followed by a phase of research solutions. A break with habits of intervention with brush and falsification has triggered a second phase of the production of hybridization of photography. He began a second phase called “straight photography” that has developed a new plastic approach, where any intervention is dismissed. But before the stabilization of this new habit, manipulated photography met resistance and was sentenced under the pretext that it was a violation of the perfection of the product. The third phase of the habits of hybridization represents a break with the modern view. It represents a return to the hybridization of photography with painting that emerged in the work of post-modernism and extends to the present. During this phase, the habits of production of hybridizations have changed, where the photographer’s work becomes an operation on paper in an operation on the computer screen.
|Keywords:||Habits, Habit Changes, Semiotics, Hybridization, Photography|
Assistant Professor, Multimedia, Higher Institute of Multimedia Arts, El Khadhra City, Tunis, Tunisia
University of Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne, France