|Published online: April 4, 2014||$US5.00|
In the same way that all forms of art have a history, in the special case of animation, there are many stories that are still being investigated. One of them corresponds to the particular model of Japanese animation known as anime. In spite of its indisputable worldwide expansion, the origin of Japanese animation can still arouse some relevant controversy, especially if this involves changing the date of certain milestones that have been considered unquestionable in animation history. This article carries out a review of recent discoveries about the origins of Japanese animation as well as a description of its earliest animation ─ just after 1900 ─ which provides valuable information despite the fact the found material is very scarce and quite deteriorated. In particular, the distinctive contributions of the film animation pioneers, as presently dated and recorded, are contrasted with recent findings of cinematographic archeology made in Japan, which could challenge the stylistic hegemony of Western animation accepted for decades.
|Keywords:||Japanese, Animation, History, Anime|
PhD Candidate, Department of Design, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Granada, Granada, Spain