An Information Design of Narratology: The Use of Three Literary Theories in a Narrative Generation System

By Taisuke Akimoto and Takashi Ogata.

Published by The International Journal of Visual Design

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We have been developing a narrative generation system based on A.I. with functional modules of knowledge bases and narrative techniques for the generation, transformation, and control of narrative structures. The many parts are currently implemented in a synthetic form known as “integrated narrative generation system” (INGS). This paper will introduce narratology into the system as a form literary knowledge. In particular, the following theories will be described based on their original interpretations and formalizations: a folktale theory by Vladimir Propp will give a function for making macro-story structures in the narrative techniques; a narrative discourse theory by Gerard Genette as designed for transforming a given temporal story structure into narrative discourse structures; and a reception theory by Hans Robert Jauss will be formalized as an attempt toward controlling the structural generation. The preliminary evaluation based on each of the mechanisms will also be provided to show the effectiveness and possibility of our “expanded literary theory” as developed through the means of the listed theories. This paper will reflect a theoretical and practical framework for integrating narratology and literary theories into informatics and narrative generation systems.

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Narratology, Integrated Narrative Generation System, Expanded Literary Theory, Propp, Genette, Jauss

The International Journal of Visual Design, Volume 7, Issue 3, November 2014, pp.31-61. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 818.693KB).

Dr Taisuke Akimoto

Doctoral Student, Graduate School of Software and Information Science, Iwate Prefectural University, Takizawa, Iwate, Japan

Mr. Taisuke Akimoto is a doctoral student in the graduate school of software and information science at Iwate Prefectural University. His research interests are artificial intelligence, cognitive science, narratology, and literary theories, and follows an interdisciplinary approach to the development of narrative generation system based on AI and narratology.

Prof. Takashi Ogata

Professor, Faculty of Software and Information Science, Iwate Prefectural University, Takizawa, Iwate, Japan

Takashi Ogata is currently a professor in the faculty of software and information science at Iwate Prefectural University. His research interests are artificial intelligence, cognitive science, narratology and literary theories, an interdisciplinary approach to the development of narrative generation system based on AI and narratology.