Neighbourhood Regeneration by Facade Redesign: A Visual Experiment on Energy Efficiency and Aesthetics

By Francesca Riccardo, Clarine van Oel and Peter de Jong.

Published by The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design

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Energy efficiency and architectural value of post-war residential buildings in Europe is poor. To deal with energy efficiency, decay and livability problems, improvements of building façades seem to be indicated especially when combined with tenants’ preferences for architectural aesthetics. But a valid way to assess multiple characteristics of housing façades is lacking. To assess tenant’s preferences we used an online visual experiment. In particular, we developed a questionnaire and pilot it with the students of Architecture. All the tested characteristics, i.e. Surface Articulation, Coloring, Sustainable Character, Glazing, Shading and Rent significantly contributed to the valuation of façades. This indicated that such a visual experiment might be sensitive to further investigate tenant’s preferences in innovative façade directed renovation approaches as well.

Keywords: Social Housing, Neighbourhood Regeneration, Energy Efficiency, Aesthetics

The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.57-80. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.469MB).

Dr. Francesca Riccardo

Researcher at the IUAV University of Venice, Delft University of Technology, Venice, Netherlands

Dr. Francesca Riccardo obtained her Ph.D. in Sustainable Urban Design. She has a master degree in architectural composition. Since 2006, she deals with research and education on sustainable regeneration of residential neighborhoods with a specific focus on design strategies for buildings and open spaces. She defended her Ph.D. thesis entitled “Renovation Strategies for Social Housing Estates” on April 11, 2008 at the Roma Tre University, Italy. She did a part of her research at the Delft University of Technology, Holland, with a one year scholarship by the Rotary Foundation. In the present academic year, she is assistant professor in Principles of Environmental Impact Assessment and in Building Maintenance at the Faculty of Architecture of the Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, and since December 2010, she is researcher with a three year contract on sustainable regeneration of residential neighborhoods at the IUAV University of Venice, Italy. From 2007 to 2010, she was researcher on sustainable and aesthetic transformation of social housing at the Faculty of Architecture of the Delft University of Technology, Holland.

Clarine van Oel

Associate Professor, Department of Real Estate & Housing, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands

Dr. Clarine J. van Oel is an environmental psychologist and assistant professor in the Department of Real Estate and Housing at Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands. Her research examines user preferences in Urban and Architectural design, particularly in housing facades, and retail design using discrete choice modeling.

Peter de Jong

Lecturer, Department of Real Estate & Housing, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands

Peter de Jong is a lecturer at Building Economics, Real Estate and Housing, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology. His teaching assignment consists of cost awareness in design for architects in the Bachelor, as well as viability of projects. The research assignment is more and more focussing on defining and exploring ‘sustainable building economics’, in which the ideas behind this paper is forming an important element.