Design Thinking, Drawings and Verbalization: A Case Study of Second Year Architecture Students of Obafemi Awolowo University in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

By Adetokunbo Oluwole Ilesanmi, Misan Egbe, Pius Kofoworola Olayeni, Emeka Mgbemena and Sunday Aderemi David.

Published by The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design

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Within the environmental design domain, design thinking has more often been explored based on studies of professionals in practice, rather than students in training. This research examined design thinking and the roles of drawings and verbalization in the context of second-year Architecture students of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. The case-study was conducted through a three-week studio project supervised by the authors. It reviewed related literature, highlighting salient theoretical perspectives. Qualitative primary data were obtained through unstructured interviews with 64 students: 32 working individually and 32 organized into four groups, and an analysis of students’ conceptual drawings and sketches. The findings confirm the intricate links between the acts of drawing and verbalization and design thinking, the inadequacy of adopting design thinking concepts relating to experienced Architects to beginning students, and the intervening effect of the team on design thinking. It also identified ‘association with past experiences’ and ‘individual’s emotions’ as important variables in design thinking among the students. The study concludes that design thinking though a cognitive process is also determined by experiential, emotional, and team-work factors. The study is useful in exploring how architectural educators may better nurture the creative potentials of students of architecture.

Keywords: Architectural Design, Architecture Students, Case Study, Design Thinking, Drawings, Emotions, Teamwork, Verbalization

The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.125-135. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.803MB).

Dr. Adetokunbo Oluwole Ilesanmi

Lecturer 1, Part 2 Studio Coordinator, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Dr. Adetokunbo Oluwole Ilesanmi lectures at the Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. He obtained BSc degree in Architecture (First Class Honours) in 1983, and was awarded the Faculty Prize for the Best Overall Student in the Faculty of Environmental Design and Management. He obtained MSc degree in 1985 and was employed in private architectural practice until 1999 when he resumed academic career. He obtained PhD (Architecture) in 2006 from the Obafemi Awolowo University. His post-doctoral research interests include housing, urban design and urban studies; sustainable architecture; housing and health; building evaluation; design research; and built-environment education. Dr. Ilesanmi teaches architectural design, urban design and housing-related courses at Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels. Married with three children, he is a member of the Nigerian Institute of Architects (NIA), Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHES), and is a chartered architect registered with the Architects’ Registration Council of Nigeria (ARCON).

Misan Egbe

Lecturer II, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Pius Kofoworola Olayeni

Lecturer II, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Emeka Mgbemena

Lecturer II, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria

Sunday Aderemi David

Assistant Lecturer, Department of Architecture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria