Equipment and Pattern Language as Legacy to Design the Skin of the City: New Order to Design the Skin of Buildings

By Liliana Soares, Ermanno Aparo, Dante Donegani and Fátima Pombo.

Published by The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design

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This text highlights the designer's ability to find satisfactory hypotheses as Nigel Cross’ statement is applied to the skin of buildings in the city of the twenty-first century. The text supports the notion of 'équipement' as ‘pattern language’ in the Western context equipment scenarios and in the period immediately following the Second World War, based on Michel Foucault's archaeological reasoning method. The manuscript revisits René Descartes’ reasoning to understand his influence on projectual method and is based on the interpretation of the concept of 'équipement' (Le Corbusier, 1923) as 'pattern language' (Christopher Alexander, 1963). To support this idea, we perform a comparative study on the use of methodology by Le Corbusier, Archigram and Archizoom. As a field, design proposed a staged implementation of the project on the city as a whole, taking into account change and the dynamics of time. This research also intends to demonstrate that when correlated to the factors characterizing the contemporary metropolis, the project hypotheses enhance the efficiency and sustainability of the interface with the user. We are, therefore, focused on studying the construction of scenarios as carriers of meaning that call upon users decoding skills.

Keywords: Reasoning, Design Methods, Design Cognition, Pattern, Scenarios Construction

The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.37-48. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 637.604KB).

Prof. Liliana Soares

Design, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Viana do Castelo, Portugal

She is a professor at the Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo (Portugal), and since 2013, has been the Head of the Product Design division. She is a member of the Research Centre Architecture, Urban Planning and Design in the Faculty of Architecture, Lisbon and a member of the Research Institute for Design, Media and Culture, University of Aveiro (Portugal). She has lectured on design theory and design thinking at international and national conferences and has published in international academic journals as well as participated in design fairs. Between 2009 and 2012, she received a scholarship from the Foundation for Science and Technology (Portugal) to develop her PhD in Design at University of Aveiro (defended in 2012). In 1999, she received a scholarship from the Euro-Arab Foundation Institute (Spain) to develop her Master’s in Management and Cross Culture ventures at the Euro-Arab Management School (Spain). She is a designer from the Faculty of Architecture, TU Lisbon (1998). Liliana Soares is co-author of the book Sei progetti in cerca d’autore of Alinea Editrice, 2012.

Prof. Ermanno Aparo

Professor, Design, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo and CIAUD Research Centre for Architecture, Urban Planning and Design, Viana do Castelo, Portugal

He is a professor at the Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo (Portugal), and between 2007 and 2013, was the Head of the Product Design division. He is a member of the Research Centre for Architecture, Urban Planning and Design in the Faculty of Architecture, Lisbon (Portugal). He has lectured on design strategy at diverse universities and at international and national conferences. He has published in international academic journals as well as has been involved in several scientific international and national research projects. He performs strategy consulting and implementation in product design and development for European companies and has participated in worldwide exhibitions. He received his Ph.D. in Design from the University of Aveiro with a scholarship from the Foundation for Science and Technology (Portugal). He graduated from the Architecture Faculty of Palermo (Italy) and received a master’s degree in design from Domus Academy (Italy). Ermanno Aparo is co-author of the book Sei progetti in cerca d’autore of Alinea Editrice, 2012.

Dante Donegani

Director of the master's program in design, Domus Academy, NABA Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti, Milan, Italy

In January 2013, Dante Donegani was appointed Director of the Department of Design at NABA Nuova Accademia di Belle Arti (Italy). From 1992 to 2012, he was Director of the Master Course in Design at Domus Academy, Milan. In 1993, he opened the D&L Studio with Giovanni Lauda, working in several areas of design. He has designed products both for the house and the office for Memphis, Stildomus, Isuzu, Luceplan, Edra, Kelebek, Rotaliana, Radice, Viceversa. He has lectured at various universities in different countries and teaches “Culture Project” at the Faculty of Art and Design of Yeditepe in Istanbul. His work has been published in: New Italian Design, Rizzoli, New York 1990; Formes de Metropoles. Noveaux Design in Europe, Centre Georges Pompidou 1991; The Solid side, V+K Publishing 1995; Il design italiano 1964-1990, Electa 1996; Nuovi allestimenti in Italia, Edizioni l’Archivolto 1996; Model apartment, Editorial Gustavo Gili 1997; Nuovo Allestimento Italiano edizioni Lybra Immagine 1997; International design yearbook 1997 Laurence King 1997; Nuovi negozi in Italia, Edizioni l’Archivolto 1997; The Product book Edited D&AD 1999. He received his master’s in design from Domus Academy in 1986 and graduated from the Architecture Faculty of Florence in 1983.

Prof. Fátima Pombo

Professor, Department of Architecture, Urbanism and Planning, University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

She is a guest professor in the Department of Architecture, Urbanism and Planning at University of Leuven (Belgium). Her research focuses on phenomenology & interior architecture, design theory and aesthetics. She participates in international research projects and conferences, and publishes in anthologies and journals including Idea Journal, Architectoni.ca, Iconofacto (Arquitectura Y Diseño), and Journal of British Society for Phenomenology. She is an invited expert by the European Commission to evaluate European projects. During her sabbatical in 2005–2006, she researched at University of Barcelona; in 1999–2000, with a fellowship of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, she researched at the University of Munich; and during 1993–1995, she researched at the University of Heidelberg in the framework of her PhD in Phenomenology and Education, which she presented at the University of Aveiro. She is also the author of novels and books for children and adolescents. She studied Music at Conservatory of Porto.