Architectural Design Guidelines for Emergency Shelters and a Local Design Recommendation for Egypt

By Noha Abbassy.

Published by The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Disasters happen around the world, leaving many impacts on developing as well as developed countries. One major impact is the displacement of different populations, where people lose their permanent shelter and do not have an immediate alternative. This topic has been rarely addressed as an architectural issue. Humanitarians provide most of the literature available, based on their humane research that is more related to health and human welfare. However, some NGOs, non-profit organizations and few architectural practitioners are involved in the process of solving the problem proposed where they do not tackle the problem from an academic approach. Instead, they put their efforts into practice. The paper aims to define the emergency shelter unit, and to investigate its temporary nature, preventing it from becoming a permanent shelter—especially in developing countries like Egypt that lack the managerial skills to take an instant action to save or temporarily solve a sudden problem. The paper offers an attempt to derive the design guidelines to build emergency shelters suitable for the local environment, by classifying the different types of shelters while focusing on the analysis of emergency shelter units previously used. Then it will use the design guidelines to recommend a local design for an emergency shelter unit in Egypt.

Keywords: Emergency. Shelters, Emergency Shelter, Design Guidelines for Emergency Shelter, Emergency Shelter, Design for Egypt

The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp.33-48. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.061MB).

Noha Abbassy

Teaching Assistant, Construction and Architectural Department, The American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt

I received my Bachelors of Science degree in Architecture from the Arab Academy for Science and Technology (AAST), in 2004 (ranked first). Afterwards, I joined the department as a full-time teaching assistant. My passion for academia developed through the interaction with students and professors at the university and by indulging in the research work. After I received my Master’s degree from Cairo University at 2009, I decided to practice architecture in parallel with the academia, as I believe that the academia and practice are interrelated. It was at this same time that I joined the American University in Cairo as a teaching assistant. My prime objective is to serve humanity by dedicating the knowledge gained from academia and practice to continuously address people’s needs through architecture.