The Manipulation of Architectural Elements to Achieve Interior Thermal Comfort: A Case of Residential Buildings in Bangkok

By Nuchnapang Keonil and Nopadol Sahachaisaeree.

Published by The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The application of combined remedial methods that enhances energy efficiency for cooling of buildings depends on efficient interactive effects to provide occupants with optimal living comfort. This paper aims to utilize small-detached houses in Bangkok to examine the best manipulation of architectural elements that can supply appropriate thermal environment in a Thai residential context, and proposes guidelines for passive design. Environmental factors such as temperature and air movement in a tropical climate were tested using computer modelling. Study results potentially propose the guideline for the architectural design process as well as recommend an interior environmental management model for post-occupancy indoor thermal improvement. The findings indicate that the proportion of a sub-division of internal space and open utility spaces are crucial ventilation factors to reduce thermal inertia for building cooling. Additionally, the results point to two critical wind speeds and the best type of voids that respond to wind direction.

Keywords: Passive Design, Interior Architecture, Thermal Comfort, Energy Efficiency, Tropical Design

The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp.81-94. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.243MB).

Dr Nuchnapang Keonil

Ph.D. Student, Arch.D. Program, Multidisciplinary Design Research, Faculty of Architecture, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand

Nuchnapang Keonil is a Ph.D. Student in the Arch.D. Program and is part of the Multidisciplinary Design Research Faculty of Architecture at King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang Bangkok, Thailand.

Prof. Nopadol Sahachaisaeree

Head of Doctoral Program in Multidisciplinary Design Research, Faculty of Architecture, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand

Prof. Nopadon Sahachaisaeree is the Head of the Doctoral Program in Multidisciplinary Design Research, Faculty of Architecture, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand.