This study aims to identify key issues that can either support or impede implementations of community-based development (CBD) and participatory slum-upgrading (PSU) projects occurring worldwide. Through extensive reviews of literature in urban planning, urban development, and architecture, this study has found three key factors affecting practices of most CBD and PSU projects. They are pro-poor policies and decentralization, community and citizen participation, and community development. These key factors can contribute to both positive and negative development outcomes that present various levels of effectiveness in implementing the projects. This study offers a contemporary framework to examine possible impacts of these identified factors on project implementations at both the city and community levels that would help urban planners, architects, housing practitioners, and all stakeholders involved in CBD and PSU projects to realize what possible challenges need to be addressed and how their CBD and PSU projects can be improved.
|Keywords:||Community-based Development, Participatory Slum Upgrading, Pro-poor Policies, Decentralization, Community Participation, Civil Society|
Full-time Lecturer, Department of Interior Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Pathum Thani, Thailand