Advancing Public Transportation through Urban Design: Curitiba, Brazil’s Remarkable Experience with Transit Oriented Development and Bus Rapid Transit Design Solutions

By Evandro Santos.

Published by The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Located in Southern Brazil, Curitiba reached notoriety due to its use of remarkable urban planning and public transportation design known as Transit Oriented Development. This experience began almost fifty years ago and emphasized the importance of prioritizing city development oriented towards people utilizing public transportation, such as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). Curitiba invested in urban planning and its transportation planning coalition as tools to achieve social and environmental balance with a modern Transit Oriented Development (TOD) design. This investment moved Curitiba in the opposite direction of most Brazilian cities, which typically prioritized automobiles. This paper focuses on Curitiba’s planning evolution as a result of its TOD applications and their social, economic, and environmental benefits derived.

Keywords: Urban Design, Urban Planning, Transportation Planning, TOD, BRT, Urban Development, Sustainability, Curitiba, Brazil

The International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design, Volume 8, Issue 3-4, July, 2015, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.082MB).

Dr. Evandro Santos

Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Jackson State University, Jackson, Mississippi, USA